There will be times when the points awarded will differ from what you might think they should be. Here we'll explain an important difference between the Starting Round from a Points point of view and the Starting Round as it is physically implemented on the day of the competition.
Let's say Level 2 Freestyle started with 34 couples, this is closer to the 'ideal' quantity of 24 for a quarterfinal than it is to the 'ideal' quantity of 48 for a prequarterfinal.
We could run this category from a quarterfinal with 4 heats of 9, 9, 8, 8 couples respectively. However we sometimes like to have fewer couples on the floor to give them better exposure to the audience and judges and to keep the attrition rate at or below 50%.
So physically we can run this like an incomplete prequarterfinal but from a points point of view in terms of number of competition couples it is more like a quarterfinal.
In the case of DWAS we often have Sash Dancers to make up for any imbalance between leads and follows.
It is possible that the follows have a different Points Starting Round from the that of the leads however both would begin at the same physical round with Sash Dancers making up the difference.
For a deeper explanation have a look below. At the very end is a mathematical approach with an equation that allows to calculate the Points Starting Round.
A standard competition comprises one or more stages or rounds. There will always be at least one round  the final round  called the Final. Then if numbers are sufficient there will be Semifinals, Quarterfinals, Prequartersfinals and preliminary rounds and so on.
Each competition round is made up of one or more heats. The final always has just the one heat and then in theory a semifinal has two heats (semi meaning "half"), a quarterfinal has four (quarter meaning "four") and so on.
Notation used:
F  =  Final 
SF  =  Semi Final 
QF  =  Quarter Final 
PQF  =  Prequarter Final 
Most Modern Jive competitions have 6 couples (or triples) in the final. In the case of Dance With a Stranger (DWAS) there are two competitions being run side by side within the same heat, so the final of DWAS has 6 individuals of each role in the final. We have 6 because any more then it's harder for the audience to watch a final with too many couples and also because the final then becomes too diluted and it's not such a great experience for the competitors.
Notation:
6  =  Heat of 6 competitors 
8  =  Heat of 8 competitors 
If a final has 6 couples then each preceding round would have twice that number as shown in the table below.
PQF  QF  SF  F 

6 6 6 6 
6 6 
6 
48  24  12  6 
Once we get to 8 heats of 6 couples we may be inclined to have 6 heats of 8 couples to save time (other options include running a split floor).
So the earlier the round a category starts the greater the achievement to progress to the final and then place. This is why the MJPI has Progression points.
The Competitors' Perspective  Attrition Rate
In the ideal situation of starting with 48, 24 or 12 entries, 50% of the entries do not make it through to the next round so the attrition rate is 50%. But what if the numbers are different?
Round A  Round B  Attrition Rate 
48  24  50% 
24  12  50% 
12  6  50% 
48  12  75% 
32  24  25% 
32  12  62.5% 
16  12  25% 
16  6  62.5% 
An attrition rate greater than 50% tends to be bad news, it's like a mass sacking, it's brutal and heavyhanded especially where competitors have put in hours of practice. Even if there is a repechage, the fact remains that in going from one round to the next over half the entries do not get through.
Attrition Rate  Competitors' Face 
> 50%  
= 50%  
< 50%  
Which Categories / Tiers?
As you may have picked up, a key factor is how much time and resources competitors put into preparing for their categories. Freestyle is a Tier 1 category where couples comprise a fixed partnership and is the one that competitors (usually) put in the most preparation.
Other categories require less investment and so competitors are more accepting of a greater than 50% attrition rate. For example, Lucky Dip would be more likely to go from 4 heats of 7 or 8 down to 2 semifinals.
The real world seldom adheres to the ideal world, and we rarely get the number of entries in a cateory being either 6, 12, 24 or 48. We've seen how an attrition rate of more than 50% does not go down well with the competitors so how do we treat the numbers in between?
If we had 17 entries, is that closer to a semifinal or quarterfinal?
17 is closer to 12 than it is to 24 implying that based solely on the total number of entries then we should consider the Starting Round as being a SemiFinal.
SF  F 
9 8 
6 
17  6 
76%  
QF  SF  F 
6 6 5 
6 6 
6 
17  12  6 
29%  50%  
Looking at the attrition rate then it would be better to have the Starting Round at the QuarterFinal.
There are TWO different Starting Rounds
 The Points System Starting Round.
 The Physical Starting Round.
So in the preceding example the Points awarded would come the column headed "Semis" even though the actual category would start at the QuarterFinals.
Example 2  Chch Champs 2018
Level 2 Freestyle had 34 entries, looking at the Points System, 34 is closer to being a QuarterFinal than a PreQuarterFinal.
 Standard round starts at: 
Last round danced  Prequarters  Quarters  Semis  Finals 
Prequarters  10       
Quarters  20  10     
Semis  35  20  10   
Finals  no place  55  35  20  10 
3rd place  85  60  40  25 
2nd place  90  65  45  30 
1st place  100  75  55  40 
Physically, this category started with PreQuarterFinals on the day (there was also a repechage).
QF  SF  F 
9 9 8 8 
6 6 
6 
34  12  6 
65%  50%  

PQF  QF  SF  F 
7 7 7 7 6 
6 6 6 6 
6 6 
6 
34  24  12  6 
29%  50%  50%  

If we had more than 6 entries in the semifinal heats (e.g. 2 heats of 7) to even out the attrition rate we would still be left with two attrition rates > 50% (59% and 57% going from Quarters to Semis and Semis to Finals respectively).
Finally, if you've made this far then you may be thinking at what point does the number of competitors change the Starting Round from SemiFinal to QuarterFinal and QuarterFinal to PreQuarterFinal?
\( C \)  =  Number of Competitors 
\( a \)  =  Attrition Rate 
\( s \)  =  Success Rate = \( (1  a) \) 
\( r \)  =  Number of Rounds excluding the Final 
\( F \)  =  Number of Finalists 
A fraction \(s\) of competitors succeed in going through to the next round, so the number of Finalists \(F\) remaining from an original pool of competitors \(C\) going through a number of rounds \(r\) with a success rate of \(s\) is given by:
\[ F = C \times a^r \]
The number of competitors at the start of a competition is:
\[ C = {F \over a^r} \]
For many Modern Jive competitions \( F = 6 \) and our preferred success rate \( s = 0.5 \) giving,
\[ C = {6 \over 0.5^r} = 6 \times 2^r \]
For each value of \(r\) corresponding to our competition rounds we get,
\( r \)  3 (PQF)  2 (QF)  1 (SF)  0 (F) 
\( C \)  48  24  12  6 
To get the maximum number of competitors for each round we can see what the number would be for half round values. This is a better indicator than just taking the average because there is a power relationship between the number of competitors in each round.
\( r \)  3.5  2.5  1.5  0.5 
\( C \)  68  34  17  8 
This also tells us that we shouldn't have more than 8 entries in a final.
We can determine the success rate \(s\) from the number of rounds \(r\), competitors \(C\) and finalists \(F\):
\[ s = \left( F \over C \right) ^ {1 \over r} \]
Giving the attrition rate \(a = 1  s \),
\[ a = 1  \left(F \over C\right) ^ {1 \over r} \]
Calculating the Points Starting Round
Right from the start we wanted to know what the starting round \( r \) should be for a given number of competitors, finalists and rate of attrition / success.
\[ r = { \ln \left( F \over C \right) \over \ln \left( s \right) } \]
\[ r = { \ln \left( F \over C \right) \over \ln \left( s \right) } = { { \ln \left( C \over F \right) } \over { \ln \left( 1 \over s \right) } } \]
If \( F = 6 \) and \( s = 0.5 \) then this can be written as:
\[ r = { { \ln \left( C \over 6 \right) } \over { \ln \left( 1 \over 0.5 \right) } } \]
\[ r = { { \ln \left( C \over 6 \right) } \over { \ln \left( 2 \right) } } \text{, where } C \geq 6 \]
If \( C < 6 \) then \( r = 0 \) as we can't have a negative number of rounds (well we can in theory just like we have fractional rounds but we wouldn't or couldn't have them in practice.
This may seem overly complicated at first but hopefully what it does achieve is a sense of finality in that can this be analysed or taken further? By providing a nice mathematical approach (which even includes logs  and you can't argue with logs) then it shows that this whole problem / challenge has been thought out thoroughly as our dancers have come to expect of us.